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The object of Zakah is the good of the Islamic state, with all its individual members as well as the whole community, and its general welfare. As for the individuals, Zakah has taken care of the poor and the needy and the wayfarers. As for the community, apart from the fact that the welfare of the individual reflects on the welfare of the community, it has another advantage relating to those who are in debt.

As for the good of the state, this is realized through the insuring of a nobler life for all individuals through the laying aside of a sum of money to be spent in the way of Allah. It is an obvious fact that the welfare of the Islamic state is assured through the conservation of the religion of Allah and through those whose hearts are reconciled, who also reap the fruits of charity.

Poverty is definitely the biggest problem to confront the individual during his life time. Most states have to contend with this in varying ways. The poor man who lives in a rich community, the individual members of which do not respond to him by giving to him so that he can live, feels deprived. From this feeling of deprivation is born the hatred of this community and its members. Most of the crimes committed by certain individuals are due to poverty. When the poor person feels that he is an outcast his hatred for the rich man, who keeps his money back from him, grows. Most of the revolutions that have happened are mainly due to poverty, due to the fact that the poor feel that they are left behind in the cavalcade of society. Even in the international scene , we find that most wars are due to the fact that some states desire to ensure the welfare and prosperity of their peoples by expansion, as well as by raising the economic standard in order to find for the poor the means to live. Most states, however, have resorted to various experiments in the attempt to ensure that their peoples are immune from poverty.

All other systems cannot stand on the same level with the Islamic system, which has laid down true cooperative socialism by means of Zakah - which the person who is able to do so pays a stipulated portion in accordance with what he has - this is true socialism. And he pays willingly and by choice this is true cooperation Zakah is also one way of preventing the spreading of principles that help make the poor grudge the rich their wealth and make them hate society. It is the means of establishing love and friendship amongst people, rich and poor alike, a feeling of cooperative. socialism.

The Qur'an tells us that people who collect Zakah are entitled also to take a share of it. This is meant to create honesty and integrity and to combat bribery and as an incentive for hard work.

Part of the funds of Zakah are also set aside for those whose hearts are reconciled. This aimed at bringing people together and at preventing any harm to the Muslims. Those who received Zakah under this heading in the life of the Prophet were printed from receiving it at the time of Abu Bakr when Umar proclaimed that they had no right to do so, since the pillars of Islam were solidly effected and strengthened all those who work for the spread of Islam can be considered amongst those whose hearts are reconciled.

Nowadays there is great need to have some of the people whose status and opinion is of weight in the international field on the side of Islam, especially at the present time, since we live in an age of propaganda. The also includes all the ways and means that a state makes use of to propagate Islam outside its recognized domains, such as articles, pamphlets, or communications written by non-Muslims and Muslims alike to achieve this goal.

Islam also called for the freeing of slaves . For that aim it designated part of the revenue of Zakah to be spent in that direction, so that a free and liberal society be set up.

Another good point in favor of Islam is that it calls for help for those in debt, those who are heavily in debt and are so not because of any vice. There is nothing worse than being in debt, no one more miserable than the person who has lost his wealth because of some misfortune. Such people are deserving of kindness and help. A community that works for the help of the above mentioned a sound and perfect community. It is the Islamic Community.

Another portion of Zakah is spent in the way of Allah. By this is meant the strategic military aspect of the defense of Islam. The wayfarers are those who are far away from their homeland and cannot receive funds from there. Zakah includes them also.

A very important object of Zakah is the moral and psychological satisfaction that the person who pays gets through his fine gesture. He feels that he is contributing to the building of his society and to making its member. happy and contented. By so doing he feels that he is freed from anxiety and confusion. Dreisser, the well-known psychological novelist, says:

"If a man wants to extract the utmost joy from life he should work for the joy of others". His joy depends on their joy and the joy of others is also related to his own joy. Zakah also frees men from the domination of money, this domination that sometimes leads a man to sickness and even to suicide. The amassing of money and miserliness are the first symptoms of this domination. The only active way to combat it is generosity and charity, One sign of this domination upon a man is his turning his back upon an honorable way of life. He neglects his needs and the needs of his family and even of his religion.

An example of that is what happened to "Tha'laba Ibn Hatib" who accosted the Apostle (Peace and Prayer of Allah be upon him) saying:

"Please pray for me so that Allah may give me wealth".

The Apostle replied:

"The little money for which you give thanks is much better than that you cannot manage".

"Tha'laba" came again asking the Apostle for prayers, the Apostle (Peace and Prayers of Allah be upon him ) replied:

"Would you not wish to be like Allah's Prophet. If I wished the mountains to be transformed into mountains of gold they would become so."

Tha'laba replied: "By God if you pray for me to be given money, I would give everybody his due". The Apostle prayed for him and he became rich in sheep, which grew and matured and became so numerous that al-Madina was crowded with them. When his fortune multiplied he used to pray at noon and in the afternoon, leaving the other prayers. When it multiplied even more he neglected that too. Then the Apostle, (Peace and Prayers of Allah be upon him), said:

"Woe to Tha'laba"

And he repeated it three times. Then the verses of the Qur'an were revealed:

"Amongst them is he who made a covenant with God (saying), If He bestowed upon us His honesty we will give alms, and be truly amongst those who are righteous, but when He did bestow of His bounty, they became covetous, and turned back (from their covenant a verse to its fulfillment). So He has set, as a consequence, hypocrisy in their hearts, until the day when they shall meet Him, because they broke their covenant with God, and because they lied. Do they not know that God knows both their secret and the thought that they confirms and that God knows well all things unseen ?"

When "Tha'laba" heard of it he went to the Prophet with Zakah, The Prophet (Peace and Prayers of Allah be upon him), said:

"God has forbidden me to accept it".

The Prophet died without accepting it. Abu Bakr and Umar and Uthman followed suit. "Tha'laba" died during the caliphate of Uthman after being a victim of the domination of money, which prevented him from prayers, and he did not try to pay Zakah until he heard what was revealed in the Qur'an concerning him. His Zakah was not accepted. He died and only Allah knows his punishment.

Zakah is the best safeguard against this domination, which increases with the increase of wealth.

Zakah is not charity in the sense that the word is used nowadays. It is a right of the poor person who feels that it is a sort of tax of brotherhood. It also has the advantage of being paid at a certain fixed time of the year. Only fruit and agricultural produce is tempt from that, for Zakah of fruit is paid as soon as it ripens. This fixed time is an advantage, since if charity is paid every month or every week it might injure the capital, thus making the owner of the funds discontented when paying it. In the same way, paying charity once during a lifetime is again disadvantageous to those who receive it.

Zakah is imposed on very small funds with a purpose that is to let the majority of a nation take part in the improvement of society, thus helping to create love and friendship amongst them Zakah is also a major factor in the distribution of wealth, and in inaugurating new industries. Many foreign scholars have recognized the value of Zakah. Massignon says:"Islam has within. its principles that which makes it jealous in propagating the concept of equality, and that is the obligation of Zakah, which each individual pays to the Treasury".

Islam is against any exchange which has no restriction, and it is also against keeping wealth idle, and against usurers and indirect taxation. It supports individual ownership and commercial capital It is halfway between the theories of Bourgeois Capitalism and Bolshevik Communism. These are only some of the objects of Zakah, since all its objects cannot be defined. The good that emanates from it is too extensive to delineate because it covers individual, community and state. Why should it not, when it is the system defined by Almighty Allah and approved by Him in the last of religions? As for reward, that awaits all those who render it.

Thus we find that Zakah along with all Islamic rules and observances, aims at the good of mankind in this world and its due and Just recompense in the other.

 
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