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Islam is characterized by its 1egislative system and general principles on which society is based. These basic principles and general rules of legislation are mentioned in several Suras of the Qur'an. Some of these Suras were revealed as an answer to some queries concerning certain rules in society, or as an explanation of an event that took place.

The prophet (peace be upon him) proclaimed what was revealed to him and explained what needs an explanation in his sayings or practices so that Muslims know what was revealed.

The Qur'an says :

1- "With plain proofs and Al-Zubur (revealed books), and We have sent down to you the Zikr (the Qur'an), that you may elucidate to the people what has been sent down to them, and that perhaps they may reflect" (AL-Nahl "The Bee": 44)

The Qur'anic principles and rules include the different relations that exist between people in society, beginning with man's relationship to his family; his relationship to others in its financial and commee,rcial aspects; and his relationship to his society and existing authority; as well as the relationship of the Muslim society to other societies similar or different in faith. The verses mentioned concerning these comprehensive principles and rules are just a few compared to the total number of the verses of the Holy Qur'an and they are intended to explain the basic principles of dealings in their various aspect .

The Family :

The family has a great place in Islam. It is founded on free equal marriage , complete acceptance, and life based on justice and kindness where husband and wife perform their duties towards each other.

The Qur'an states:

2 "O you who believe, it is neither lawful for you to inherit women against their will nor is it lawful to restrain them so that you may take away what you have given them unless they commit flagrant debauchery .And Consort with them in kindness. But if you feel odium to them then it may be that. you feel aversion for a thing, Allah places in it much good" . (AL- Nisa "Women " : 19)

Islam assigns leadership to the (husband) as in every group cooperating in a joint work .

The Qur'an declares :

3- "Divorced women shall wait by themselves three courses , it shall not be licit for them to conceal what Allah has created in their wombs, if they truly believe In Allah and Last Day .

Their husbands have more right to restore them in such a state , if they so desire to reconcile. And they ( women )have right similar to their obligations in all equity ,But men shall have one degree above them. And Allah is Mighty, Wise ". (Al-Baqara "The Cow": 228)

Man was assigned such a task of leadership because he is endowed with heavenly faculties and is responsible for the expenses of his wife and all members of his family.

The Qur'an says :

4- "Men are guardians over women for that Allah has made some of them excel others, and for that they have spent of their wealth. Hence virtuous women are obedient, guarding in the absence of the husbands that which Allah has ordained to guard . And those women of whom you fear their dissent , exhort , them , and abandon them in the beds and beat them. But if they obey you , then seek not a way against them .Surely Allah is Sublime , Great " . (Al- Nisaa "Women " :34) . This protection necessitates more responsiblilities from husband to his wife.

Monogamy is basic to marriage, but polygamy ( up to four wives ) is not lawful unless one is financially able and willing to be fair to them .

Islam strictly forbids taking concupines and mistresses in order to protect women's dignity and interests , to protect children , and to protect society against the spread of vice through illegal married relations.

Islam allows a Muslim to marry a non-Muslim women from among the people of the scriptures (Jews and Christians) and she has all the rights of a wife , as she is not obliged to join Islam. The reason behind this is that a Muslim believes in the message of Moses and Jesus,and such a wife who believes in Allah will bring her children up on high morals enjoined by all heavenly revealed religions .But a Muslim woman is not allowed to marry a non-Muslim, for he does not believe in Muhammad's Message, as he does not believe in all heavenly revealed religions as Muslim husbands do .

 
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